Q&A: Formulation Development for Small Molecules and Biologics Enhancements with Molecular Modeling

 Dr. John Shelley, Schrodinger

 Dr. Andrea Browning, Schrodinger

Q: Do you offer formulation Analysis? For example, for Cannabis, Delta-8, Delta-9, and THC to be specific.?
A: For this, you likely need experimental characterization which we do not offer as a service.

Q: What’s your ability to predict polymorphs of an API? And what are the conditions that promote those polymorphs?
A: Different crystal structures of the same chemistry can be simulated in the tools discussed in the webinar. For those interested in polymorph prediction, please reach out to us directly for a more detailed discussion. 

Q: Do you use any AI for these simulations?
A: Machine learning and other QSAR approaches are available in our software. The examples shown in this webinar focused on physics based modeling. The addition of Machine learning and QSAR can increase the predictive power of simulation and provide insight in numerous other areas. Our website and Summer of Science Series has more information on these tools.

Q: Which software do you use for simulating the dissolution of amorphus polymers?
A: Most of these were molecular dynamics simulations for which we use, Desmond which runs on a GPGPU

Q: What details of the molecule you should insert to the model?
A: This really depends on the problem. For instance, if you are interested in bond-breaking or bond-forming then you usually need to use a quantum mechanical approach with all of the atoms represented. At the other end of the scale if you are looking at molecular association in solution simplified models such as coarse-grained models can be applicable.

Q: How do you differ between different polymorphism?
A: With the PXRD tools shown, the XRD pattern for different crystal structures can be found. With experimental patterns, differences in the lattice dimensions can also be found. With known crystal structures, the impact of that structure on properties such as the morphology can be explored. 

Q: What are the main deficiencies in Molecular Modeling?
A: There are quite a few, however, molecular modeling is becoming more broadly applicable. An important thing to consider is that often no one technique stands on its own whether it is experimental, theoretical or computations. It is the complimentary use of techniques that often moves projects ahead. Here are some weaknesses for Molecular Modeling:

a. Accuracy of the model to represent the molecules of interest and their interactions
This depends on the general approach used (QM, all-atom or coarse-grained). These days QM and all-atom models for organic molecules have become very reliable. The validated coverage for coarse-grained models is an important thing to consider.

b. For some types of problems molecule conformations and higher-level molecular structures need to form or evolve. Some important processes are slow and thus require a lot of computer time.

c. Often one calculation on its own is not sufficient. Instead multiple calculations and usually different types of calculation are needed in a validated workflow to be useful. Workflows do not exist for all types of problems.

Q: What kind of molecular modelling software(s) are available for use as open source?
A: There are quite a few. You should feel free to explore the web to find out more. What we offer as a commercial entity is layers of interfaces, excellent support, and validated workflows to help researchers focus more on the problem rather than how to run the calculations.

Q: Phytosomes have also been in drug delivery system. Which is better?
A: Some lipid-based formulations have complex mixtures of ingredients and thus could encompass phytosomes. In general, what is best is problem-specific… depending on what is the active ingredient(s), how much of the active ingredient is needed, over what time period does the drug need to be delivered and to whom (e.g., adult, child, conscious, unconconscious).

Q: Most Molecular Modeling software even Hansen can only predict positive Chi values, yet Chi can be negative as well. Does your model able to predict negative Chi?
A: Solubility parameters are by definition positive. The chi value can be obtained from energy of mixing definitions and therefore simulations as well and in those cases can be negative or positive. With our software, energy of mixing can be obtained.

Q: On the shear modulus, perhaps I missed the detail, is this for the solid crystal, amorphous form, or do you also look at how different material particles interact when being compacted as well?
A: This calculation can be performed for the solid crystal, amorphous form, and excipients. For larger material particles (eg micron sized), the information from the molecular level simulation can be used as input into FEM simulations.

Q: Do the protein solutions exhibit thixotropic behavior?
A: Protein solutions in general can exhibit this behavior. I suspect that our models would as well however we have not investigated this.

Q: What happens after the drug is released? The leftover liposome?
A: Natural or near natural lipids are efficiently removed from circulation. Some lipids are designed to slow down this process and testing in those cases is likely required to ensure safety.

Q: What do you think about the best: high or low Young modulus?
A: It depends on the material in question and the use case. 

David Preston
David Preston

Chairman

David Preston has had 38 years of healthcare experience with publicky Traded and Private companies in the fields of Phammaceuticals, Animal Health and Biotechnology as a Board Member. The last 30 years of his xperience has been in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong building successful igh growth businesses. David Has been Chaiman and CEO for Greater China for Sanofi and Boehringer – Ingelheim as well as the Janssen Corporation since 1991 in China. During this time he build high Growth ousinesses in China through diversified strategies in Innovative Pharmaceuticals. branded Generics. Biotechnology. and Animal Healthcare.

Key highlights in this period indluded building of the first Westem Multinational Biotechnoloqy C.M.O. facility as well as obtaining the first Test CM.OJ MAHI license. Establishment of a number of High tech Vaccine Plants, and R and D facilities in in the field of Animal Health. Signing and development of numerous JV’s as well as Wholly owned Subsidiaries. Mergers and Acquisitions across Phamaceutical’s. Animal Health. and Biotechnology industries

David’s achievement’s in the Healthcare industry and it Growth and development in China is widely recognized By the Chinese Govemnment and the City of Shanghai In 2013 he was awarded the Silver Magnolia ollowed in 2015 the Gold Magnolia award. This was then followed by being awarded in 2017 the Honorary Citizen of Shanghai by 40th People’s Municipal Congress of Shanghai. David Holds a Business Science Degree

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Filippo
Filippo de Vecchi

Director, Advent Partner

Filippo de Vecchi joined Advent in February 2000. He started in the Advent São Paulo office, then moved to Milan in 2002, in 2012 set up the Advent office in Shanghai and in 2016 set up the Hong Kong office. Before joining Advent, he was a senior consultant with Value Partners, in São Paulo and Milan, focusing on strategy and organization in the automotive, energy, cable and media sectors. He began his career at Wasserstein Perella & Co., working as an analyst in the Mergers and Acquisitions department in London and New York. Filippo holds an undergraduate degree cum laude in Economics, with a major in Business Administration, from the LUISS University and an MBA from Columbia Business School, where he currently serves as a member of the Board of Overseers.

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Andrew Li
Andrew Li

Director, Advent Partner

Andrew Li joined Advent in 2012. He previously worked at Warburg Pincus, HSBC PE, Solera Capital and Credit Suisse where he focused on the retail and consumer, healthcare, industrial, and energy sectors. Andrew has worked in finance and private equity throughout the U.S. and China since 1999. Andrew holds a BA from Middlebury College and an MBA from Harvard Business School.    

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Michael Miltenberger
Michael Miltenberger

Director, Advent Partner

Michael Miltenberger  joined Advent in 2011 as an associate on the healthcare team. Following business school, he rejoined Advent’s Boston office, focusing on healthcare investments. Prior to Advent, Michael was a consultant at McKinsey & Company in their Washington DC office, serving a range of healthcare and private equity clients. Michael earned a BA, cum laude, from Harvard College and an MBA from Harvard Business School, graduating with High Distinction as a Baker Scholar and a Harvey Fellow.

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Masood Tayebi
Masood Tayebi, PhD

Director, Operating Partner

Dr. Masood Tayebi is the Founder of BioDuro. He currently serves as CEO of a nationwide real estate portfolio and is a Partner and Chief Executive Officer of the Bridgewest Group. Prior to BioDuro, Dr. Tayebi was Co-Founder and Chairman of Wireless Facilities, Inc. (NASDAQ: WFI), a global leader in telecommunications outsourcing.

Achievements
  • Co-Founder of Wireless Facilities, Inc.

  • Co-Founder of BioAtla, LLC

  • Recipient of the Ernst and Young 2000 Entrepreneur of the Year award in San Diego

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Kewen Jin
Kewen Jin, PhD

Director, Operating Partner

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Amit patel
Amit Patel

Director, Operating Partner

Amit Patel has twenty years of healthcare industry experience with publicly-traded, private equity-backed, and start-up companies in the capacity of executive, board member, advisor, and investor.  He is currently Executive Chairman of Azurity Pharmaceuticals (a NovaQuest Capital Management portfolio company) and a board member at BioDuro (Advent International portfolio company), Tergus Pharma (Great Point Partners portfolio company) and Calyptus Pharma.  Recently, Amit was SVP & President of Dosage Form Solutions at Capsugel, a KKR portfolio company (purchased from Pfizer in 2011 and sold to Lonza in 2017).   

Prior to Capsugel, he worked at Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, Inc. as EVP & Head of North America, and SVP & Head of Global Corporate Development & Strategic Planning. Earlier, Amit was VP of Corporate Development at CTIS, Inc., and Co-founder & CEO of MedOnTime, Inc. (acquired by CTIS).  He started his career as a strategy consultant with Marakon Associates. Amit holds an M.B.A. degree from Harvard Business School, a B.S. degree in Economics from the Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania, and a B.A.S. degree in Systems Engineering from the Moore School of Engineering, University of Pennsylvania.

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Haijun Dong
Haijun Dong

Chief Executive Officer

Dr. Haijun Dong currently serves as global CEO of BioDuro-Sundia. He previously was CEO for over 5 years at PharmaBlock Sciences Inc., a public company listed in the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (300725.SZ). The positions he held prior to PharmaBlock includes, among others, Senior Scientist at Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals in Ridgefield, Connecticut; Senior Principal Scientist at Roche in Nutley, New Jersey; Head of DMPK and Drug Safety at Roche China R&D Company in Shanghai; Chief Operating Officer of Eli Lilly China R&D Center in Shanghai.

Dr. Dong received his PhD in organic chemistry from the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington, and MBA from China Europe International Business School in Shanghai. 

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Teo Nee Chuan
Teo Nee Chuan

Chief Financial Officer

Teo Nee Chuan joined us in May 2021 as chief financial officer. Prior to joining us, he was chief financial officer of Huazhu Group from November 2015 to May 2021, and was the chief financial officer for Rnomac International Limited, from November 2011 to August 2015. Mr. Teo worked in DDB Greater China Group, was appointed as the chief financial officer in September 2009, and was additionally appointed as the director of operations in January 2011. He previously served in Focus Media Group and was appointed as the financial deputy director in June 2007. Prior to that, from September 1994 to May 2007, Mr. Teo worked at Ernst & Young and Ernst & Young Business Services Ltd. in various positions in Kuala Lumpur and Toronto, including as a senior manager in the Transaction Advisory Services. Mr. Teo has been an independent director of 111, Inc. (a company listed on the NASDAQ, ticker symbol: YI) since September 2018. Mr. Teo received his Bachelor of Science in Accounting and Financial Analysis degree from The University of Warwick in the United Kingdom in July 1994. He is a Chartered Certified Accountant in the United Kingdom, who has obtained his qualification in July 1998 from The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, and is a Certified Public Accountant in the United States and Hong Kong, who has obtained his qualification from American Institute of Certified Public Accountants in May 2002 and Hong Kong Society of Accountants in October 2003, respectively.

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TJ
TJ Deng, PhD

President, Discovery

Dr TJ Deng joined BioDuro in the initial stages of the company and helped BioDuro grow to an industry leading discovery services organization. He established and managed several scientific departments, including DMPK, before transitioning to a leader of the business and operations functions. Prior to joining BioDuro, Dr. Deng spent six years at PPD, in positions with increasing responsibilities from scientist to scientific manager.

Achievements

 

 

  • Developed the extractable/leachable capabilities at PPD
  • 18 years industry experience

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Kent Payne
Kent M. Payne, PhD

Chief Executive Officer

Kent is distinguished as a business operator and leader in areas of sales, commercial manufacturing and product development. He has extensive executive experience in M&A as well as successfully running, start up, growth and turn around businesses. This includes both Fortune 500 and Private Equity environments. He combines strong business leadership, successful P&L track record, and technical background to strategically lead and grow enterprise value across Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical market segments. He has successfully led the geographic expansion of businesses into Europe, Asia, and South America in addition to the United States.  He currently serves as CEO for BioDuro-Sundia, LLC (an Advent International company). He also currently serves as a board member for Goodwin Biotechnologies (a Signet Healthcare company). 

Prior Roles

  • President, Global CMC Solutions BioDuro-Sundia, a global
    CRDMO
  • CEO Socorro Pharmaceuticals, LLC, a generic pharmaceutical
    company
  • President Americas, Qualicaps Inc.(a Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings subsidiary)
  • Principal Consultant and Partner at CoreFactor LLC, providing executive strategic, licensing and operational advisory services to clients.
  • Vice President/General Manager Catalent Pharma Solutions, Inc. (a Blackstone Group company formed in 2007, formerly part of Cardinal Health)
  • Progressive leadership responsibility at: Novartis, Monsanto and G.D. Searle.  

Prior Brand Position

  • Board Advisor Vitruvias Therapeutics
  • Board Member Qualicaps, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of
    Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings)
  • Board member Technophar, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of
    Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings)
  • Board Advisor, Corporate Strategy Office, Life Science Institute
    Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings)
  • Non-executive Chair and Board Member PDS Biotechnology·        (PDSB: NASDAQ)

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John Phillips
John Phillips

Vice President, Business Development (US & EU)

Coming soon…

Achievements

 

  • Coming soon…

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Roy Xu
Roy Xu

Chief Strategy Officer

Roy has over 25 years of healthcare industry experience.  He started his career as an orthopedic surgeon.  Roy joined Eli Lilly as a sales rep in 1997.  Since then he has had various roles in market research, business intelligence, BU head, strategy, regional general management, business development etc., both at Eli Lilly and Boehringer Ingelheim (BI).  Roy also spent more than two years in Germany where he was BI’s Director of Corporate Business and Enabling Strategy.

Roy obtained a bachelor’s degree in Clinical Medicine at Zhejiang Traditional Chinese Medicine University, and an MBA from Zhejiang University.

Achievements

 

  • 25 years of healthcare industry experience including Eli Lily and Boehringer Ingelheim. 
  • Former Director of Corporate Business & Enabling Strategy at oehringer Ingelheim in Germany.

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San Diego

BioDuro- San Diego Facility

Our San Diego site is our corporate headquarters. The facility is home to BioDuro-Sundia’s drug product development technologies and has 9 GMP clean rooms. Development and manufacturing operations are conducted for projects up to Phase III clinical trials.

Size: 44,000 sq. ft.
Featured capabilites: Tableting, Coating, Hot Melt Extrusion, Spray Dried Dispersion

11011 Torreyana Rd.
San Diego
CA 92121
United States

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Beijing

BioDuro Beijing

Operating since 2006, our Beijing site is home to BioDuro-Sundia’s first wet chemistry operations. With 300 regular fume hoods and 18 scale-up chemistry hoods the Beijing facility houses most of BioDuro’s chemistry operations, while also hosting labs for biology and monoclonal antibody discovery.

Size: 100,000 sq. ft. 
Featured capabilities: Radioactivity Lab, Monoclonal Antibody Discovery, Medicinal Chemistry

No. 29 Life Science Park Road
Changping District Beijing,
102206
P.R. China

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Shanghai-Waigaoqiao

BioDuro- Shanghai Facility

Established in 2012, BioDuro-Sundia’s Shanghai facility has been growing with its departments. The cutting edge facility contains labs for ADME, bioanalysis, in vitro assays and translational research. The site includes a 18,000 sq. ft vivarium and 20,000 sq. ft of office space.

Size: 92,000 sq. ft.
Featured capabilities: Scale-up Chemistry, Discovery Biology, DMPK, In Vivo Pharmacology

No. 233 North Fu Te Road
Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone
Shanghai, 200131
P.R. China

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Cathy Yen
Cathy Yen

Director, Operating Partner

Cathy joined the Board of Directors of BioDuro-Sundia in 2020, with the Advent-led acquisition of Sundia and creation of BioDuro-Sundia. Prior to that, she was Chairman of the Board at Sundia Meditech Group, where she was the key architect of Sundia’s strategic vision and growth. Under her leadership, Sundia solidified its position as one of the leading pre-clinical CROs in China.

Prior to Sundia, Cathy had a distinguished career as a seasoned venture capitalist, having led numerous investments in high-growth companies in Asia. Cathy served as a Partner of AsiaVest Partners, TCW/YFY Ltd., a global venture capital firm, for over a decade, Vice President at Global Financial Services, Vice President at Crimson Ventures/Chinatrust Bank and Senior Manager at Fortune Capital. She brings over 20 years of experience in corporate finance, accounting, strategic planning and private equity investments. 

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Wuxi

Wuxi - BioDuro

Established in 2019, BioDuro-Sundia’s fully integrated discovery facility located at the heart of Jiangsu Wuxi Life Science & Technology Industrial Park with plans of growing staff to 1000+ scientists.

Size: 300,000 sq. ft.
Featured capabilities:
Discovery Chemistry & Biologics, Biology, DMPK, Pharmacology, CMC Services

no.1699,Huishan avenue
Huishan Economic 
Development Zone,Wuxi
P.R. China

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Hebei

Hebei - Sundia

Established in 2011, this pilot plant this handles mg to kg scale up.

Size: 45,208 sq. ft.

Featured capabilities: SFFS Chemistry: mg to kg scale up
(150 hood)

238 Changjiang Road
Shijiazhuang,
Hebei province
P.R. China

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Taiwan

Taiwan Sundia

Our site in Taiwan supports Discovery Biology and Chemistry.

Size: 3,352sq.ft.
Featured capabilities: Chemistry;Biology

7F, No. 107, Sec. 4
Ren Ai Road,
Da-an District,
Taipei, Taiwan

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Bengbu

Bengbu - Sundia

Scheduled to open in fall of 2021, this site is designed to handle non-GMP manufacturing, advanced intermediates, GMP starting material(RSM) for IND enabling sttudies as well as clinical and commercial use. 

Size: 43,056 sq. ft.
Featured capabilities: Intermediates, GMP starting materials

Mohekou Industrial Park,
Huaishang District, Bengbu, 
Anhui province
P.R. China

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Shanghai-Changli

Shanghai Changli

Our Shanghai-Changli site supports FTE cheimistry and advanced Discovery Chemistry processes.

Size: 71,844 sq. ft.
Featured capabilities: Chiral Analytical Lab, Analytical and Purification Lab, NMR Lab, Synthetic Lab, Parallel Synthesis Lab, Flash Chromatography Lab..(380 hoods)

法拉第路251号8号楼;
Building 8, 251 Faladi Road,
Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park,
Shanghai, China
P.R. China

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Shanghai-Halei

Shanghai Halei

Opened in 2018, BioDuro-Sundia’s Shanghai-Halei contains facilities that support both Discovery and CMC parts of the drug development & manufacturing process. Facilities include amorphous dispersion techniques like SDD & Discovery Biology.

Size: 31,043 sq. ft.

Featured capabilities: Formulation : Preformulation, Wet Granulation, Compression, Tablet Coating, Fluid Bed Room, Spray Dryer, Hot Melt Extrusion, Dry Granulation Biology: Kinase selectivity, Cellular Assay, Compound Screen, Immune oncology service

哈雷路917弄1号;
Building 1, 917 Halei Road,
Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park,
Shanghai, China

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Shanghai-Kelun